Filończyk began as a pianist, studying under Zdisława Rychlewska at the Fryderyk Chopin Music School in Oleśnica. Whilst continuing his studies with Ryszard Bukowski Music School in Wrocław, he began his vocal training under Bogdan Makal. In addition to his work with Makal, he has trained at the Academy of Opera at Teatr Wielki since 2014.
Filończyk has achieved great success in national and international competitions including Grand Prize, First Place and Best Polish Aria at the 2014 Polish National Vocal Competition; First Prize at the 2013 International Petrovice, 2013 Barbara Kostrzewska V and 2014 Krystyna Jamroz VI vocal competitions; Second Prize at the 2013 “Music without Borders” Vocal Competition in Lithuania; First Prize for 20th Century Song and the Czech Radio Award at the 2014 Bohuslav Martinů International Vocal Competition in Prague; and is the recipient of both the President of Wrocław and Polish Minister of Culture and Art scholarships.
In January 2016, he made his Great Theater Poznan debut in Eugene Onegin under Maestro Gabriel Chmura.